SE Asia Report

It’s time to invest in the Australian cattle industry

Dr Ross Ainsworth, 13/04/2015

Except for a few brief moments over the last 40 years, investing in the Australian cattle industry has been a pretty awful proposition.

Unless you were fortunate enough to pick the peaks or the troughs just right, the long-term returns have been abysmal.

But that is all about to change as world supply and demand fundamentals indicate that after almost half a century of oversupply, the world beef pendulum is about to swing across from the oversupply side to the undersupply side of the dial.

And with Asia generally and China in particular the key powerhouses of demand, the in-balance of the equation is becoming greater by the day.


Australia is really only one cattle production market regardless of whether you are located on King Island, above, or Alice Springs below.



I made a presentation to the Northern Territory Cattlemen’s Association annual conference last week and copped the time slot of 2.30 pm Friday afternoon.

I guessed that the only way to keep them awake was to tell them what I really thought and what I knew they would like to hear.

I began my presentation with a statement that I was firmly of the belief that in the next year or two, once Australia had experienced a wide spread drought breaking rain, that prices for cattle would spike to around AUD$4 per kg live weight (feeders steers).

I think my strategy worked because not too many dozed off while I followed with my justification for this rather radical claim.

In short, world cattle production is at best static and most likely in steady decline while world consumption is rising strongly with Asia leading the consumption charge.

Once Australian producers get a decent nationwide season allowing them to halt the slaughter of breeding females then the tide of oversupply in Australia will swiftly become a drought of available cattle for breeding, fattening and slaughter.

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While all this is good news for Australian cattle producers, it seems to me that it is also a flashing light and ringing bell for investors who have a brief window of opportunity in which prices remain constrained due to the ongoing drought while the medium and long-term outlooks are brilliant.

Warren Buffet famously said, “Buy when others are fearful and sell when others are greedy”.

We are currently sitting in a once in a lifetime investment sweet spot where Australian cattle assets remain stubbornly distressed because of the drought, making investors assessing today’s dreadful investment returns quite rightly fearful.

If however, you accept the overwhelming evidence that world demand has outstripped supply and Australian producers only need a decent season to receive the same high prices enjoyed in the rest of the world then the prospective investor only has to buy in now and wait for the season to change.

Australia undoubtedly has some of the most unreliable weather in the world but it must change sooner or later at which time the investor will reap the rewards.

This rather vague and depressing proposition in terms of when the seasons will change actually represents a win win result whatever happens.

If the season turns quickly e.g. next Christmas we might get a good general wet season, then the prices will spike.

If the seasons stay poor for say another three years then the Australian cattle herd will probably have shrunk by a further 10 to 20%.

In this scenario, when the season eventually does change, the price spike will be even greater because returns will reflect the additional collapse of the national herd.

All segments of the cattle production system will benefit from the same fundamental changes.

All segments of the cattle production system will benefit from the same fundamental changes.

Beef enterprises are essentially constructed of land and cattle assets which can be crudely split at about half of the total investment each.

When cattle aren’t worth much then neither is the land they graze on.

And vice versa.

Once cattle prices spike, not only does the operational cash flow suddenly become more attractive but also the value of the assets is forced to follow.

I am suggesting that cattle could rise in value by around 60 percent ($2.50 per kg to $4).

Once cash flows benefit from this rise, the value of breeders will rise and hence the land that they produce on will also appreciate.

If a factory suddenly achieves a much higher price for its product, the value of the operational business rises but the value of the assets usually doesn’t enjoy the same increase because there are plenty of other factories that can be developed to do the same job.

Not so for cattle production.

Cattle can only be efficiently bred on grasslands and the amount of grassland available in the world including Australia is shrinking rather than expanding.

The result is that the scarce resources required for cattle production, land and cattle, will both appreciate strongly in line with the capacity of the cash flow from the production system to generate rising levels of net returns.

Because the industry has been in its very own recession for so long and its current asset valuations are so depressed, the virtuous cycle of rising cash flow and rising asset values is likely to be spectacular.

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The popular investment classes have well and truly been picked over while agricultural opportunities are generally regarded as too small, too complicated, too risky, too many unknowns, delivering low returns and altogether too hard.

This unique Australian cattle production situation represents a broad canvas of opportunities with scale, short, medium and long term time lines, relatively low risk, solid fundamentals and potentially high returns.

Serious investors need to undertake another in-depth analysis of the Australian beef industry and consider following Warren Buffet’s advice before the monsoon winds blow the low cost entry door firmly shut.




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  1. Peter Honnef, 13/04/2015

    Beef cattle property prices have currently settled post GFC boom (peak) of 2008 to now sit at about 2004 value levels. The critical factor is that property prices lag commodity prices in all rural sectors.

    Therefore those with the nerve and capital to speculate on future commodity price appreciation do so at some risk that includes not only commodity price uncertainty but also weather, local economic forces including industry cost profile. Further, if a speculator splurges out and buys cattle country, much of the native pastures are now depleted due to drought, so will have to hold onto the asset without a cash flow. In a sector where returns on investment just don’t stack up when compared to other investment propositions, there would not be too many prospective purchasers able to take on an aggregation of risk and low returns, particularly if using investor funds.

    Fundamentally the key ingredients to generate rural property price appreciations are RAIN and a PROFITABILITY commodity!

  2. Rod Moore, 13/04/2015

    Ross again you are spot on – a reasonable suggestion is the A$ 4.00 live could be some A$1.00 to A$ 2,50 short of the mark – for the correct article – Long term. Rod Moore 0464 0467 54

  3. Peter Groves, 13/04/2015

    Don’t under estimate Thailand also, with a population of 64m and 24m visitors each year. Beef farming practices there in general very antiquated, and they are importing live cattle from Burma. The busiest food stall when I was at their international airport before Easter was Burger King !

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