Research: Australia’s living skin bared in three dimensions

Jon Condon, 03/01/0201

Australia’s vast and complex land surface has been exposed in new ways thanks to the most comprehensive nation-wide digital maps of our soils and landscapes yet produced.

The entire country is now represented as a digital grid with two billion ‘pixels’, each about 90 by 90 metres, down to a depth of two metres below the surface.

Soil testing CSIRO pastures

Soil testing

The Soil and Landscape Grid of Australia, launched this week at the National Soil Science Conference in Melbourne, is the result of a partnership between CSIRO, the University of Sydney, Federal, State and Territory government agencies and the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network.

The Grid draws information from the partner agency databases weaving together both historical and current data generated from sampling, laboratory sensing, modelling and remote sensing.

The Grid also includes estimates of reliability and is designed to integrate new data in the future – even data generated by technology that has not yet been invented.

Soil and landscape attributes such as soil water, nutrients and clay, affect the sustainability of Australia’s natural resources and the profitability of sectors such as agriculture, mining and infrastructure.


Sample image of total nitrogen at soil surface (0-5cm average).


CSIRO research director Mike Grundy said the Grid had already woven together hundreds of millions of dollars’ worth of past soil and landscape science into a new ‘digital tapestry’.

“The research community has known we need better ways to make this diverse information available; new science and technology has let us make the most of the rich data we have,” Mr Grundy said.

“From exploring new land use options, to making the most of water, to finding habitats for endangered native species, this technology has applications we are only just beginning to imagine.”

The Grid will be beneficial to a wide range of applications and users including urban and regional planners, land managers, farming groups, scientists and engineers.

Alexandra Gartmann, chief executive at Foundation for Rural & Regional Renewal and former CEO of Birchip Cropping Group, has worked with rural industries for almost two decades. Ms Gartmann said she was excited by the new technology.

“Knowledge is power, and our agricultural industries have a very narrow margin for error these days, so the more knowledge to reduce poor decisions, the better,” Ms Gartmann said.

“Agribusiness will benefit from this technology, both at the farm scale — with data to inform production models and risk-management decisions — and industry scale, as it draws together many years of past research and knowledge for future investment decisions.

“The Soil and Landscape Grid is a huge leap forward. With its national datasets and consistent and comparable data, it has huge potential for regional development, informing planning and decision-making.”



Project partners include: CSIRO; University of Sydney; Geoscience Australia; WA Department of Agriculture and Food; Tasmania Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment; SA Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources; Qld Department of Science, Information Technology, Innovation and the Arts; NT Department of Land Resource Management; VIC Department of Environment and Primary Industries; NSW Office of Environment and Heritage; The Australian Collaborative Land Evaluation Program.


Source: CSIRO




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  1. paul wood, 28/11/2014

    What a fantastic piece of research which will open up whole new fields of work as other scientists start to add more data to this map.It show what can be achieved when our best people work together on significant projects.

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