What today’s Census data says about Australia

Beef Central, 28/06/2022



The Australian Bureau of Statistics has today released the results of the Census which took place on August 10 last year.

Insights revealed include:

  • There were nearly 25.5 million people in Australia, excluding overseas visitors, on Census night. This is more than 2 million more than in the 2016 census, and more than double the 1971 Census count 50 years earlier of 12.4 million people.


  • The number of people living outside a greater city area was  8.34 million 


State (Outside Greater Capital City area) Population Median Age Median weekly household income
Regional Qld   2,615,036 41 $1,507
Regional NSW 2,828,637 43 $1,434
Regional Vic 1,576,613 43 $1,386
Regional Tas 309,087 45 $1,225
Regional SA 390,843 47 $1,190
Regional WA 534,803 40 $1,597
Regional NT 89,103 31 $1,706

Source: ABS

  • The median age of all Australians remains at 38 years in 2021. Males make up 49.3 per cent of the population with a median age of 37 years and females make up 50.7 per cent with a median age of 39 years.


  • The proportion of Australian residents that are born overseas (first generation) or have a parent born overseas (second generation) now comprises 51.5 per cent of the population.


  • India has moved past China and New Zealand to become the third largest country of birth behind Australia and England.


  • Millennials (25-39 years old) have caught up to Baby Boomers (55-74 years old) as the largest generational group in Australia.


  • 70pc of Australian dwellings are separate houses, 16pc are apartments and 13pc are townhouses.


  • More than half a million people now live in high rise apartments (in buildings of nine or more storeys).


  • 53 percent of Australian households have children living with them


  • The proportion of couple families without children living with them has grown steadily from 41pc in 1996 to 47pc in 2021.


  • There are now more than one million one-parent families, and 80 per cent of those parents were female.


  • The proportion of households that own their home outright has dropped from 40pc in 1996 to 30pc in 2021.


  • 3.2pc identified as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander, an increase of over 25.2pc since 2016.


  • Christianity remains the most common religion in Australia, with 43.9pc identifying as Christian, down from 52.1pc in 2016 and 61.1pc in 2011.


  • More Australians are also reporting ‘no religion’, with 38.9pc in 2021, compared to 30.1pc in 2016 and 22.3pc in 2011.


  •  Statistician Teresa Dickinon says the 2021 census indicates that the  “average” Australian is:
    • A female
    • aged 30-39 years
    • living in a coupled family with children
    • living in the greater capital city area
    • An average weekly family income of $3,000 or more.

The Census provides information about the nation, providing a picture of the economic, social and cultural make-up of Australia, and how the country is changing compared to past data.

Further data releases will continue in coming months. To view the Census data now available click here





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