News

Reforms ahead in agriculture’s approach to R&D

Jon Condon, September 6, 2019

FEDERAL agriculture minister Senator Bridget McKenzie yesterday announced the formation of an advisory body to provide options on reform opportunities for agriculture’s research and development system, as part of a drive to ‘modernise innovation.’

Sen Bridget McKenzie addresses the Queensland Rural Press Club yesterday.

Speaking at the Rural Press Club of Queensland event in in Brisbane, Sen McKenzie said the R&D system needed to evolve to better focus on delivering benefits to producers and to enable the industry to jump ahead of global competitors.

The new advisory body would activate early next year.

“We’re spending too much time on short-term priorities and on the concerns of individual sectors,” she told the Press Club audience.

Sen McKenzie said she would make specific announcements about the R&D reform roadmap in coming weeks, including the release of a discussion paper to guide engagement on September 23.

“I am committed to this process to be inclusive and ensure that all who have a stake in agriculture have a say on the future of our innovation system,” she said.

Sen McKenzie identified a number of key areas that needed addressing:

  • Consolidation of mechanisms for planning and procuring research. How much and in what form needed to be worked through.
  • There was scope for reducing duplication through better collaboration and organisational structures.
  • Higher quality industry advocacy was required. But how do we fund it and support it with accurate policy research without the vested research that comes with funding each other?
  • Better communications with producers and transmission, otherwise it’s ‘all for nothing’, especially with states withdrawing from the extension space.
  • More of each industry’s knowledge products should be commercialised.
  • Returns to producers from their levy payments should be much clearer than they are.

Under current arrangements, each year Australian farmers and graziers, through their levies, invested almost $500 million in R&D and marketing. The Australian government provided matching funding of $300 million for eligible R&D expenditure, to Australia’s 15 Rural Research and Development Corporations.

Speaking to stakeholders in Tasmania recently, Sen McKenzie said the agriculture sector had had the current system of R&D for four decades, and while it was a world-class system in the partnership between the tax-payer and the levy-payer, it was not really delivering back to the farmgate.

“We need growers in charge of the money a bit better – making sure it’s going where it’s needed. And we need stronger collaboration. Everyone is doing something on soil, everyone’s doing something on climate change and everyone’s doing something on social licences and water. That’s great, but I don’t need academics getting rich doing the same bit of research 15 times.”

“We need collaboration, sharing and making sure we can then spend the money we save from stopping duplication on other things. So watch this space,” she said.

Sen McKenzie told yesterday’s Rural Press Club audience that for agriculture to reach its $100 billion value target, it needed to be ‘clever and courageous.’

“We need an innovation system that supports farmer productivity and profitability right across the food and fibre supply chain… while ensuring that our research delivers value for our tax payers and our levy payers.”

While there was no doubt that the systems behind agriculture’s R&D corporations were world-leading when they were created decades ago – agricultural productivity growth was slowing, and had been since the mid-1990s.

“The rural R&D system needs to evolve to better focus on delivering benefits to producers, and to enable the industry to jump ahead of global competitors,” she said.

Quoting from the EY Agricultural Innovation – A national approach to growing Australia’s Future report, Sen McKenzie said Australia’s rural innovation system was ranked 20 in the world. Tellingly, 80pc of the 550 stakeholders interviewed for the EY report wanted reform – and this had been Sen McKenzie’s own experience when travelling around and talking with stakeholders.

Consider all options

She said the sector needed to consider all options when looking at innovation funding.

One theoretical policy option was to let the market decide how much is invested in R&D – taking the public investment out altogether – which many countries overseas had done. Another option proposed by Labor was to reduce taxpayer contributions.

“While they are both valid approaches, they are not supported by our government. We remain fully committed to maintaining this long-standing public/private partnership, between taxpayer and levy payer,” she said.

Sen McKenzie said a range of views had already been expressed about the possible future shape of the R&D model. Some were structural, suggesting fewer or more RDCs. Other issues were about governance in delivering real benefits for levy payers, and the complexity of producers paying multiple levies to different bodies, on top of their state farm organisations and commodity advocacy groups.

“There are many different ideas for reform. But we need to be open and constructive about a future state that will put the investments of levy payers and the government to best use,” she said.

“My challenge to all is to leave vested interests behind and work in the national interest for a reform that will put us in the best position for the 21st century.”

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Comments

  1. charles Nason, September 7, 2019

    MLA invited Prof David Hughes from the UK out several years ago
    One of his messages was that as Governments withdrew from Agric R&D private providers would move in , but they would only fund the profitable aspects not the public good R&D
    Moreover the benefits would flow to shareholders , not the consumer
    His message was to buy shares in the agritech companies
    Letting the market sort it out is a neoliberal economic philosophy which has not delivered benefits across the whole community
    The reality is that the market does not pay the true cost of food production ( why is rural debt so high? and why do so many other countries assist agriculture?)
    It sounds like Senator McKenzie is not going to ask the searching questions that agriculture so desperately needs
    Why has productivity plateaued
    The Agricultural Depts in the Universities have dropped the previously high standards of entry and too many of our R&D researchers are imported
    Maybe she could be asking if commodity based R&D corporations are the best model for agricultural R&D
    Maybe the NZ whole farm approach might deliver better results
    Maybe she should also ask the question whether financially stressed farmers ( hopefully Australian ? ) are going to deliver the blue sky $100B bonanza
    And with a growing population maybe we should be redirecting our focus on feeding ourselves first , not Asia
    This is all irrelevant if this continuing drought culls out even more farmers
    And if and when it rains , how will we restock from a depleted herd and just as important , are the crop seed sources adequate to plant the next crop
    These are public good responsibilities that Agricultural institutions used to foresee
    Most seed will be several years old and whilst might have acceptable germination , will have suboptimum vigour
    Poor seed vigour is not fully appreciated but tends to depress whole of crop cycle production
    Senator McKenzie , I think you have a few challenges and the market focussed neoliberal economic philosophy of the LNP is a bit of a handicap

  2. Alex McDonald, September 6, 2019

    Bridgette
    Who writes this crap that you spruik. Provide some evidence that “Academics getting rich doing the same bit of research 15 times.”
    Be a bit more positive about the great research sometimes ground breaking research.
    I just do not understand your political motives written by your naieve speech writer.

  3. Alex McDonald, September 6, 2019

    All good Bridgette but if you allow the Beef and Pork indusrtries to be destroyed by the introduction of exotic diseases due to the deterioration of Border Control then be it on you and the Coalitions head. Anew approach to R & D would be irrelevant

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