Live Export

New voice for NT buffalo industry as exports surge

Beef Central, 24/02/2022

AS the Top End’s $30 million buffalo trade rides high on strong prices and increasing export volumes, ties between the Northern Territory Buffalo Industry Council and exporters have been formally strengthened.

Reflecting the increasingly close strategic alignment of the two sectors, the key advocacy work for the buffalo industry will now led by the NT Livestock Exporters Association CEO Tom Dawkins.

Louise Bilato and Tom Dawkins

A new agreement which has commenced this month between the two organisations will see Mr Dawkins spearhead NTBIC’s engagement and industry development work alongside the council’s president Adrian Philips, from Annaburroo Station.

Mr Dawkins said the new arrangement would encourage further improvements and cooperation across buffalo supply chains.

“We’re at an historic juncture in terms of supply opportunities and maturing demand, so it’s important for all stakeholders that we capitalise on the momentum in the market,” he said.

The live export of NT buffalo has doubled in the past five years, growing from 5000 head shipped in 2015 to 10,833 in 2020. The calendar-year total for 2021 also nudged 11,000 head, with 10,827 buffalo shipped, despite a shortened supply period due to wetter conditions.

The strong trend has continued this year, with more than 1100 buffalo already shipped in these first few weeks of 2022.

Mr Dawkins said live export prices for feeder buffalo under 400 kilograms of about 220-240 cents a kilogram liveweight were half the price of feeder steers for export, which have pushed beyond $5.00/kg since Christmas.

Australian cattle prices are extreme, and the national herd is rebuilding, so live export numbers will continue to be quite restricted. Meanwhile the demand for younger buffalo which can be grown-out by the Indonesian lot feeder continues to strengthen,” Mr Dawkins said.

“Cattle importers in South East Asia are very price sensitive, and buffalo are helping to fill orders and offset the squeeze on profits. The potential for the buffalo industry to consolidate its gains in the coming 12 months is significant.”

Mr Dawkins paid tribute to the work of NT Road Transport Association (NTRTA) CEO Louise Bilato, who has been carrying out the buffalo council’s executive officer duties since 2016.

“Buffalo industry members have been very well served by Louise, whose strong oversight of road transport advocacy in the NT really has complemented her tireless work for the NTBIC to streamline the supply chain and modernise industry standards,” he said.

“Michael Swart from Wildman River Stock Contractors stepped back as NTBIC president last year but, importantly for us, he is still playing a very active role as a passionate buffalo industry leader here in the Territory and nationally as vice president of the Australian Buffalo Industry Council.”

“There’s a number of shared fundamental priorities amongst livestock exporters, rural road transporters and buffalo industry businesses – we’re all closely related industries and we share a focus on supply chain improvement.”

The industry estimates the wild buffalo population in the NT is approximately 200,000 head, living mostly in Arnhem Land and managed by contract mustering teams and Aboriginal enterprises with section 19 land use agreements, who pay royalties to traditional landowners via the Northern Land Council.

An additional 40,000 buffalo are kept ‘behind wire’ on floodplain properties across the Top End and mustered during the dry season to help supply increasing market demand.

Ms Bilato thanked buffalo industry members for their guidance and support across her tenure advocating on their behalf, in what was initially meant to be a temporary capacity back in 2016.

“I wish to thank the presidents of both associations, NTBIC’s Adrian Phillips and the NTLEA’s David Warriner, for their foresight and openness to strengthening industry partnerships with a focus on growth of the buffalo industry through this arrangement,” she said.

“Tom comes with a wealth of knowledge and experience across the livestock industry and I sincerely hope it is a bumper year for buffalo exports and buffalo through the abattoir and that everyone is able to share in the industry’s success.”

There are an estimated 200,000 wild buffalo in the NT, mostly in Arnhem Land, and up to 40,000 head managed ‘behind wire’ on Top End pastoral properties. The wild population is managed by contract mustering teams and Aboriginal enterprises with section 19 land use agreements who pay royalties to traditional landowners via the Northern Land Council.

The Rum Jungle abattoir at Batchelor completed its 2021 program in December and is now closed for annual maintenance over the wet season.

The plant reopened under the new ownership of Central Agri Group in 2020, after being shut since 2003. It processed close to 6000 buffalo in 2021, supplying both domestic and export boxed buffalo meat markets.

Significant labour shortages, which meant processing at Rum Jungle didn’t resume after the wet season hiatus until July, limited the plant’s daily production and frustrated hopes that this year’s throughput would improve on its numbers from 2020, when 7000 buffalo were processed.

COVID-19 disruptions also undermined productivity, especially given the NT Government specifically excludes abattoir workers from its list of ‘essential workers’ in the agricultural sector.

Nonetheless, Central Agri Group’s General Manager Johnnie Dichiera remained upbeat about 2022 and beyond.

“We remain very positive about the future of the Rum Jungle abattoir,” he said.

“The market opportunities for NT buffalo are very exciting and we’re proud to be helping to build on the significant momentum in the industry.

Mr Dichiera said the abattoir’s current production program is modelled to process 80-100 animals a day, or up to 12,000 head annually and could employ 65 workers on site.

He said a re-opening date for the plant in 2022 would depend on access to workers, in line with interstate and international travel restrictions, as well as the availability of livestock after the wet season.


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  1. Fermin Rivas, 05/02/2024

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    • greg scarf, 15/03/2024

      Hello Mr Rivas
      If this message reaches you please send me your email address and I can comment on your interest in buffalo from Australia. I am a small producer but may have some interest.
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  2. Norman Fisher (Swim Creek Station), 25/02/2022

    Reading this article on the Buffalo in the N.T and future growth it sounds too good to be true….

    I personally am reluctant to think so positive with the key issues that the Buffalo Industry face in regards that there is no management for the breeders which are the future to growth.
    I am also hesitate to think there are 200,000 head in Arnhem land and 40,000 locally.

    To my knowledge, there has been no recent surveys carried out and just a calculated module of calf drop added on annually.

    The module seems to ignore the on going years of shooting for eradication from ranger groups right across Arnhem land and still continuing today, mostly for the purpose of carbon credits.

    Arnhem land is the perfect place to house breeders for our industry to maintain a healthy buffalo heard. The mentality has to be changed from eradication to resourceful harvesting and there will be many benefits to Arnhem land in revenue, employment, and improvements throughout.

    Clearly some areas at times will have to be reduced to be sustainable to both environment and industry but not eradicate.

    Section 19s current today are mostly short term contracts with the vision of cleaning out the total herd within the duration, so how can there be a solid future?

    The local 40,000 head referred to are under the same hammer, most station owners make way for cattle so remove buffalo herds to do so.

    In the early 80’s the government released 4 blocks within the Point Stuart region for the purpose of domesticated buffalo breeding, today only 1 property (Swim creek ) remains, whilst the other 3 have converted to cattle.
    I think there has to be some mayor changes if there is going to be a long term future and growth.

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